What To Know Before Undergoing A Gynecomastia Procedure (Male Breast Reduction)

male breast reduction

Gynecomastia is a condition that causes enlargement of male breast tissue. It can often be a great source of embarrassment for men. The number of men throughout Calgary, Edmonton, Canmore and Banff seeking out surgery for gynecomastia has continued to grow over the years. At Radiance Plastic Surgery, we are continuing to see more and more men wanting to enhance the look of their chests.

Throughout puberty, hormonal surges can lead to the development of male breast tissue. In some cases, this breast tissue shrinks after puberty, but in a lot of cases, the breasts can remain enlarged. The prevalence of asymptomatic gynecomastia is 60% to 90% in children, 50% to 60% in adolescents, and up to 70% in men aged 50 to 69 years.

The most common causes of gynecomastia include puberty, excess weight gain, use of anabolic steroids in bodybuilders and marijuana use. A number of other medications also cause male breast enlargement.

How do I know if I have Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia commonly occurs in both breasts, however,  patients may have asymmetric or unilateral breasts. Breast self-exams usually demonstrate a palpable, tender, firm, mobile, disc-like mound of tissue that is not as hard as breast cancer and is located centrally under the nipple-areolar region.

When palpable masses are unilateral, hard, fixed, peripheral to the nipple and associated with nipple discharge, skin changes or enlarged lymph nodes, breast cancer should be suspected and thorough evaluation is recommended, including the performance of mammograms and MRI.

male chest

Surgery to correct Gynecomastia

When patients come in with a complaint of gynecomastia, they usually complain about lumps in their breasts with or without excess fat in the breasts. Surgery to remove breast tissues usually involves liposuction of the excess fat, surgical removal of the excess glandular breast tissue through an incision in the margin of the nipple-areolar complex and/or skin excision (in large male breasts).

Preparing for surgery will involve: 

  • Stopping medications that increase the risk of bleeding 
  • Stopping smoking
  • increasing your nutrition levels to support your healing and recovery after surgery. 

Most surgeons will typically perform the procedure under general anesthesia, however, it is also well-suited to being performed under oral sedation and local anesthesia. Surgeons may also use drains after surgery to reduce the chance of fluid collections. The use of compression vests and icing is also common to help control pain, reduce swelling and control bruising.

Recovery after Gynecomastia surgery

In patients who might only need liposuction to correct their enlarged breasts, return to exercise and work is typically less than 1 week. For patients who additionally require the surgical removal of the excess breast tissue, it may take between 2 to 4 weeks to heal enough to tolerate regular daily activities. A number of patients are able to go back to work after surgery around 7-10 days post-op. Most patients are also able to resume cardio after 2 weeks and weightlifting at 4 weeks provided there are no lasting complications from surgery.

Gynecomastia surgery complications

In most cases, surgery for gynecomastia is safe and the majority of patients have smooth recoveries. In some cases, complications can occur. Complications can sometimes include bruising, bleeding, fluid collections, contour irregularities, loss of nipple skin, visible scarring, numbness of the nipples, inverted nipples, loose breast skin and asymmetries. Attention to meticulous surgical technique and pre/peri/postoperative management is essential to ensuring positive outcomes.

If you are interested in learning more about the Gynecomastia procedure, or to book a consultation, please complete our online form, call us, or email us at office@radianceplasticsurgery.ca.

Staying Sun Safe

Protecting your skin is a daily necessity, especially throughout Calgary, Edmonton, Canmore and Banff with our variable weather, winds etc. A broad-spectrum sunscreen is a must to protect your skin from the damaging rays of the sun and help reduce signs of future aging, in order to maintain your skin health.

There is a lot of confusion and misconception around sunscreens and best practices.

The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) and Canadian Dermatology Association (CDA) recommends:

  • Choosing a sunscreen that provides broad-spectrum protection
  • Applying an SPF of at least 30
  • Applying liberally for maximum coverage

Defining broad-spectrum

A sunscreen can protect you from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet A (UVA) rays which causes aging and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays which causes the skin to burn . By applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen, you are protecting your skin from both which helps prevent skin cancer, early skin aging (premature age spots, wrinkles, and sagging skin) and sunburn.

The meaning of SPF

All sunscreens are labelled with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) number which is an indicator of how much UVB light a sunscreen can filter out versus not using a sunscreen. In other words, the amount of time it takes for your skin to burn without any protection . By using an SPF 30, you are filtering 96.7% of UVB rays while in an SPF 50 you are filtering 98% .

Applying the right amount

A sunscreen should be applied liberally 15 minutes before sun exposure. Most people only apply 25-50 percent of the recommended amount of sunscreen  which actually reduces valuable sun protection. The CDA and the FDA recommend applying at least 2 tablespoon or 1 oz for the whole body for maximum coverage.

Finding the right Vivier sunscreen for your skin

Vivier’s has a wide range of broad-spectrum sunscreens featuring elegant textures and effortless application.

Sunscreen Lotion SPF 30

An elegant water-based facial sunscreen that provides broad-spectrum UVA/UVB and SPF 30 protection in a light, sheer formulation that absorbs quickly into the skin.

Ideal for normal to oily skin.


Triple Protection Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 30

A physical broad-spectrum UVA/UVB and SPF 30 sunblock enriched with powerful antioxidants.

Ideal for sensitive skin.


Sheer Broad Spectrum SPF 45

A silky sunscreen that provides broad-spectrum UVA/UVB protection with a sheer, soft touch texture that spreads evenly on your skin.

Ideal for normal to dry skin.


Regardless of the Vivier sunscreen you choose, don’t forget to apply it every day for a sun safe summer!

If you are interested in learning more about Viver® Pharma, purchase Vivier® Pharma products or book a consultation, please complete our online form, call us, or email us at office@radianceplasticsurgery.ca.

What a tummy tuck can and can’t do

Most people tend to carry a little extra fat around their stomach. Sometimes, diet and exercise can do the trick…but sometimes, it can’t. But, that’s not the only reason patients undergo a tummy tuck procedure. Things like pregnancy and significant weight gain or loss can create excess skin or weakened abdominal muscles, which can most easily be corrected by a tummy tuck procedure (also known as an abdominoplasty).

Still, there are some common misconceptions about this procedure, especially concerning what it can and can’t fix. Below are some examples of what a tummy tuck can do and what it can’t do.

What a tummy tuck can do

There are certain things a tummy tuck can do for you. You should be aware of these benefits if you are considering getting this type of surgical procedure.

A tummy tuck can create a flatter, toned stomach

The primary benefit of the tummy tuck is producing a flat, toned abdomen. A tummy tuck can leave you with a flatter stomach as the excess fat around your midsection is removed. You can look forward to a more contoured, lean physique when you have been unsuccessful at eliminating that excess fat through dieting and exercise alone. It can also work to fix abdominal muscles that have been weakened due to pregnancy and childbirth. However, don’t expect to instantly get a washboard stomach.

A tummy tuck can remove excess skin

If you have excess skin that sags and is unsightly, a tummy tuck can address that problem. You can have it removed by a plastic surgeon through certain safe techniques used during a tummy tuck procedure. The muscles and skin are pulled taut and sleek as the incisions are closed after the removal of excess fat.


What a tummy tuck can’t do

It’s important to understand what you cannot achieve when you get this procedure.

A tummy tuck can’t prevent future weight gain

A tummy tuck is a great option for women who have been unable to lose those few stubborn extra pounds after having children or for those who have lost a lot of weight but have excess, loose skin. However, a tummy tuck cannot prevent you from gaining weight again in the future. This means that after you have undergone a tummy tuck procedure, you should work diligently to retain your new, slimmer figure. Ideally, the best candidates for the procedure are people who make a commitment to retaining a healthy lifestyle and women who do not plan on getting pregnant again.

A tummy tuck can’t remove most stretch marks

Many patients have stretch marks due to their skin being pulled when they have gained excess weight. Stretch marks are unsightly and can be stubborn when it comes to removing them. While a tummy tuck can provide you with a sleeker, slimmer and more toned physique, it cannot remove all stretch marks. However, it will most likely change the position and width of the stretch marks.  You can speak with the doctor about other options for addressing stretch marks.

Can a tummy tuck be used for weight loss?

Because only a certain amount of body fat is safe to remove, a tummy tuck should not be viewed as a method for weight loss. Furthermore, a tummy tuck does not necessarily improve your blood pressure, cholesterol level or other effects stemming from obesity. For these very reasons, we don’t recommend a tummy tuck as a way to treat obesity or diabetes.


A tummy tuck can be a transformative procedure for those who are self-conscious about their pudge and feel like there’s no way to get rid of it. If you’re considering a tummy tuck, always ensure you seek out an experienced and personable board-certified plastic surgeon.

Choosing a board-certified plastic surgeon is key to your decision-making process. A board-certified plastic surgeon is certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery (ABPS), which is the only board the American Board of Medical Specialties recognizes to certify doctors in the full range of plastic and reconstructive procedures. Dr. Laliberte at Radiance Plastic Surgery is a board-certified plastic surgeon and additionally,  a trained specialist in surgical body procedures. His artistic and highly technical approach produces natural results tailored to enhance and complement your specific goals and circumstances. 

If you are interested in learning more about body procedures, or to book a consultation, please complete our online form, call us, or email us at office@radianceplasticsurgery.ca.